The territory of nowadays Republic of Armenia is 29.8 thousand km². It forms only the 1/10 part of the historical Armenia. Armenia is situated in Transcaucasia between the Black and Caspian Seas, but doesn’t have a way out to sea. Armenia is bordered with Georgia on the North, With NKR and Azerbaijan on the East, With Iran on the South and with Turkey on the West. Armenia is a mountainous country. 76.5% of its area is located on the elevation of 1000-2500 m above sea level. 14 thousand km² are covered with mountain ranges, which is the 47% of the common surface of the country, and the plateaus cover more than 1/3 or about 11 thousand km². The highest point is the mount Aragats with 4090 m and the lowest one is the circle of lower flow of Debed River with 375 m.
Sevan Lake is the biggest water basin in the territory of Armenia with its 1263.5 km² surface. Araks, Akhuryan, Debed, Vorotan, Hrazdan, Aghstev, Arpa, and Qasakh are the longest rivers in Armenia.